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History of the judiciary in the UAE

A new book was published a few days ago by Dr. Aref Sheikh, the history of the judiciary in the UAE, the book is located in two volumes of large size, and the book consists of 1148 pages.

The book is printed in a luxurious print in terms of the outer cover, inner paper, arrangement, organization and output. The cover contains a collection of photographs of judges from various emirates.

The book was presented with six pens from the famous men of the state, who are known for their knowledge, honor, nobility, loyalty, loyalty and love of work.

In the second presentation, we read to Dr. Abdullah Omran Tarim, the former Minister of Justice, saying: No wonder this effort takes ten years of research. The history of the judiciary has not been documented, and the references are small. Since the author is surrounded by law and literature, he has collected in his research the history of the judges, their poems and their ways, which benefit the reader.

In the third presentation, Mr. Ibrahim Boumelha, the cultural and humanitarian advisor to His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, said: "Dr. Aref Al Sheikh has a good product in some fields of heritage documentation, and one of the most important issues to address this issue is the subject of the judiciary in the UAE. In all Emirates, despite the difficulty of investigation and the paucity of information in this regard.

In the fourth presentation, Dr. Ahmed Saeed Bin Hazeem, Director General of the Dubai Courts, said: "This book is the last opportunity to be presented to future generations to forgive the failure that has occurred in the field of preserving the judiciary history in the UAE. In our hands, a reference will be the only one of its kind for those interested in learning about the development of the judiciary through a historical era, most of which disappeared.

In the fifth presentation we see Professor and writer Abdul Ghaffar Hussein says: Dr. Aref Shaikh, poet and scholar and well-known UAE researcher, at the forefront of those who provide their community cultural service, has presented the draft of this book to a group of those who have identified a bit of knowledge, and find my name within those, , Because it supports the author as evidenced in his book.

In the sixth presentation, Mr. Ali Mohammed Al Matroushi, Advisor for Heritage and Local History in the Department of Tourism Development in Ajman, said: This book is distinguished by a number of features, which can be summed up in: comprehensiveness, investigation, giving priority to oral sources, ease of language and style, .

However, he was able to conduct a comprehensive survey of all seven emirates, meet with the remaining judges, and interview those who had experienced the pre-Union era, all of which would eventually be recorded in this book unless he could put it in the hands of readers.

The book contains more than 500 pictures and documents of the different layers of judges and judges' assistants. The author has reinforced his work on dozens of judges and assistant judges in the period of semi-formal justice and the beginnings of the regular judiciary.

It is easy for the reader and researcher that the author of his research department according to the emirates of the state, and in each emirate begins to mention the series of ratios of the first judges because of its importance in linking the judges with their contemporaries of the rulers.

Some of them were present in a number of different rulers, such as Sheikh Ali bin Salem Bumalha, a scholar of Dhafra, who lived with Sheikh Tahnoun bin Shakhbout, Sheikh Khalifa bin Shakhbut, Sheikh Sa'id ibn Tahnoun and Sheikh Zayed bin Khalifa, because Bumelha lived from 1825 to 1900.

The author then mentioned the famous judges and then the judges' assistants, who were scholars, preachers and mosque imams who did not formally take over the judiciary, but were assigned by judges or magistrates in cases of reconciliation or the distribution of a legacy or marriage, for example, Jumaa bin Mohammed al-Mutawa in Sharjah.

The author also referred to the administrative and regulatory aspects of the modern judiciary in the UAE. This is evident in the Emirate of Dubai and the talk about Mr. Mohammed Jaafar Al-Saqqaf, who is the founder of the modern regulatory system in Dubai.

Although he focused on the legal judiciary as the origin of the region, he also referred to customary law (civil law) and civil law. He also mentioned to the juridical, aristocratic and civil jurists who had a role in establishing and organizing such as Ahmed Hareb, Uday Al-Bitar, the founder of the civil judiciary in Dubai, Saleh Farah, the founder of civil justice in Abu Dhabi and so on.

And a reference to the successive covenants, and the specifications of the judge in general, and then the profile of the judiciary in the UAE, and then the terminology of the judiciary, and allocated a separate door for the first in the history of the judiciary in the UAE, an important door because it gives the reader quick flashes looking at stages of development The judiciary in the UAE.

In the history of the judiciary in the UAE, he finds that the region was not without scholars and scholars. In Dhafra, two families known for science and jurisprudence were Al Majran and Al-Bumlha, Abu Dhabi and Dubai, and Al-Khazraj. In addition to the famous judges who found the likes of Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdul Salam Al Maghrabi, Sheikh Abdul Rahman bin Hafez, Mr. Al-Shanqiti, Sheikh Mubarak bin Ali, Sheikh Ali Al-Janahi and Mr. Al-Saqqaf in Dubai.

Sheikh Abdulrahman bin Fares, Sheikh Mohammed Abulhadi, Sheikh Saif Al Madfa and Sheikh Mohammed Bukhater in Sharjah.

Sheikh Abdul Karim Al Bakri, Shaikh Abdullah Al Shaiba and Sheikh Hamad Al Maharib in Ajman. Shaykh Ibn Bahiyu and Sheikh Ibn Atiq in Umm al-Qaiwain.

Sheikh Ahmed Hamad Al Rajbani, Sheikh Abdul Aziz Al Rajbani, Sheikh Mohammed Saeed Ghabash, Sheikh Ahmed Bin Hajar, Sheikh Abdullah Salman, Sheikh Bin Flaw and Sheikh Ahmed Al Mannai in Ras Al Khaimah, and many more that the reader can read about them.

The author does not care about reading this book, because the author does not deal with the judges from one side only, but includes them by talking about them and their scientific, literary and social life and their relations with the sheikhs of the emirates and the rulers of the Gulf region, so you read the judges jokes and narratives and poems beside their issues and jurisprudential issues.